Torah Weekly - Parshas Korach
For the week ending 28 Sivan 5759 / 11 - 12 June 1999 Inside Israel
Korach, Datan and Aviram, and 250 leaders of Israel rebel against the authority of Moshe and Aharon. The rebellion results in their being swallowed by the earth. Many resent their death, and blame Moshe. Hashem's "anger" is manifest by a plague which besets the nation, and many thousands perish. Moshe intercedes once again for the people: He instructs Aharon to atone for them and the plague stops. Then Hashem commands that staffs, each inscribed with the name of one of the tribes, be placed in the Mishkan, the Tabernacle. In the morning the staff of Levi, bearing Aharon's name, sprouts, buds, blossoms and yields ripe almonds. This provides Divine confirmation that the Levi's Tribe is chosen for Priesthood and verifies Aharon's position as kohen gadol, the High Priest. The specific duties of the levi'im and kohanim are stated. The kohanim were not to be landowners, but were to receive their sustenance from the tithes and other mandated gifts brought by the people. Also taught in this week's Parsha are laws of the first fruits, redemption of the firstborn, and other offerings.
"Why do you exalt yourselves over the congregation of Hashem?" (16:3)
You're driving home after a long week's absence. A week before, you had had a long delay on the highway due to construction, and you sigh as you wonder how long it will take to get back through it. You turn the bend, and to your delight, the traffic is flowing like money at a casino. The road repair crew has already finished their work. Sailing over the new tarmac, you notice that it has already lost its pristine blackness. In a few short days, it will be indistinguishable from the thousands of other dusty gray miles of pavement.
Around the end of the 19th century, a saintly Jew in Russia authored a work which changed the course of Judaism. The book was called Chafetz Chaim - "The Desirer of Life."
Its subject matter, the laws of proper speech. In clear language, the Chafetz Chaim led his readers through the sometimes tortuous laws of permitted and forbidden speech. The Chafetz Chaim's author was famous for guarding his tongue with such care that his name became synonymous with that of his creation. He became known as the Chafetz Chaim.
One might have expected the Chafetz Chaim to be extremely taciturn, visibly guarding every syllable that left his lips. The opposite was, in fact, true.
The Chafetz Chaim's son-in-law was Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Levinson (rosh yeshiva of Radin). A visitor once noted the striking difference between the two men: Rabbi Levinson was a man of few words, who seemed to almost police their exit from his mouth. By comparison, the Chafetz Chaim was almost verbose, his conversation flowing with ease.
In this week's Parsha it's difficult to understand how Korach could have hoodwinked so many of the Jewish People into suspecting Moshe of "lording it up" over the congregation. Just a few chapters previously, the Torah testifies that Moshe was the "humblest of all men." How could there have existed even a suspicion that Moshe was pumped up with his own self-image?
When we master a certain character trait, it becomes an indivisible part of who we are. However, when we are still doing "road work" on part of our character, the signs of digging and construction are everywhere. It's clear to all that there are still "men at work."
To the untrained eye, Moshe might have seen lofty and removed. He was, after all, the king of the Jewish People. And he behaved in a the manner of a king. But in his heart, Moshe understood, as no one before or since, exactly how small he was compared to G-d. Moshe didn't need to trumpet his humility. It was already integrated into his personality as seamlessly as the tarmac of last year's road repair.
"The man whom Hashem will choose - he is the holy one." (16:7)
It's not what you say, it's why you say it. The mishna in Pirkei Avot says, "Any dispute which is for the sake of Heaven will have a constructive outcome." However, says the mishna, any disagreement that is not for the sake of Heaven will not have a constructive outcome. It cites the argument of Korach and his cohorts with Moshe as an "argument not for the sake of Heaven."
If you think about it, the mishna is problematic: The implication is that if Korach's intentions would have been correct, his dispute with Moshe would have had a positive outcome. In other words, what Korach said was, in essence, correct. It was why he said it, not what he said, that was at fault.
How could it be that both Moshe and Korach were right? Korach claimed "all the people are holy;" whereas Moshe said: "He who Hashem chooses is holy."
Korach dressed his followers in garments which were entirely techelet, the blue color of the thread of tzitzit, and asked Moshe, "Does an all-techelet garment require tzitzit?" Moshe replied "Yes." To which, Korach scoffed and said "If one thread of techelet is enough to exempt a garment made from a different color, isn't it logical that an all-techelet garment should be exempt?"
Behind Moshe's monosyllabic reply lies a fascinating concept. An entire garment can be of techelet. Korach was right: The entire people can be holy. But just as a garment which is entirely techelet requires tzitzit, so a holy people need a source for their holiness. Holiness doesn't just exist by itself, it comes from the Holy One and is channeled through His tzaddikim. Just as tzitzit are a life-line joining a holy people to their Source, so it takes a Moshe to connect the Jewish People to its Source.
It's not what you say, it's why you say it.
- Men at Work - Rabbi Mordechai Perlman
- The Right Thing for the Wrong Reason - Sfat Emet as heard from Rabbi Mordechai Perlman
Shmuel I 11:14 - 12:22
This haftara contains Shmuel's chastisement, "Whose ox have I taken, or whose donkey have I taken..."(12:3-4), echoing Moshe's words in this week's parsha, "Not one donkey have I taken from them." (16:15)
Another connection between this haftara and the parsha is Shmuel's lineage: Shmuel was a scion from the house of Korach, and his prominence was compared to both that of Moses and Aharon (Tractate Rosh Hashana 25b). The haftara begins with the nation's gathering at Gilgal to anoint King Saul and proclaim him King. However, Shmuel who anointed the king chastises the people for requesting a king, as it might indicate deterioration of the unique spiritual level of the nation that needed no king to live in harmony. His rebuke ends with a miracle where Shmuel calls out to G-d for rain in a mid-summer day and a rainstorm begins.
To demonstrate G-d's "displeasure" at their desire for a king, Shmuel performs a miracle, bringing a thunderstorm in the middle of the wheat harvest. Why this particular sign?
The people didn't see anything wrong in requesting a king, as the Torah itself commands the appointing of a monarch (Deuteronomy 17:15). Yet, the Torah commands appointing a king because a king has power to enforce law and order and to maintain observance of Jewish law. Samuel reproached them as they were then on a very high spiritual plane, and thus they didn't need a king. On the contrary, appointing a king now might bring the secular influence of neighboring nations, as it would change Israel's unique legislative and social structure to be like that of any regular nation in the land. Appointing a king should be put off until Torah observance is lax and needs enforcement; then it is acceptable despite its negative ramifications. This Shmuel demonstrated by the rainstorm, as rain is a blessing only when it falls in season; but not in the middle of the harvest.
Selections from classical Torah sources
which express the special relationship between
the People of Israel and Eretz Yisrael
For Jewish settlers and visitors during the last five hundred years Tsefat has been one of Eretz Yisrael's "sacred cities." A visit to its ancient synagogues and cemetery takes one back to the golden days of the city when Rabbi Yitzchak Luria ("Arizal") and his disciples established it as the center of Kabbalistic learning. Here too lived and died Rabbi Yosef Caro, author of the Shulchan Aruch, Rabbi Shlomo Alkebetz, author of the "Lecha Dodi" sung on Shabbat eve, and Rabbi Yaakov Berrav, who made an abortive attempt to reestablish the Sanhedrin, and many other famous saints and scholars.
The cool air and beautiful surroundings of Tsefat
attract many people from the entire country during the summer,
but the year-long population remains small. A curious blend of
art, music and mysticism endows this city with a unique personality
during peak season. Among the Torah institutions functioning
in Tsefat is "Shalom Rav," a yeshiva for students with
limited backgrounds, headed by American-born Rabbi Rafael Weingot
and a similar seminary for women, Sharei Bina, run by his wife.
Written and Compiled by Rabbi Yaakov Asher Sinclair
General Editor: Rabbi Moshe Newman
Production Design: Eli Ballon
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